It is lady beetle season here. There are dozens of the larvae in our garden, so we collected some up and have been watching them, and feeding them aphids and mealy bugs. The larvae moult several times, getting larger each time.

Lady beetle larvae

Lady beetle larvae

We weren’t sure what species they would be. We didn’t find any kind of overview with information about the species that are in NZ, which are both native and introduced. It is  especially difficult to find information about the larval stage.

After a couple of days, the first few larvae started to pupate. The pupa was a yellowy colour, later becoming much darker – almost black.

Pupating larvae on left, larvae on right

Pupating larvae on left, larvae on right

One evening, about a week later, the first beetle hatched. At this stage it was a pale cream colour.

Emerging from the pupa stage

Pupa after a beetle has emerged

Pupa after a beetle has emerged

chaos ladybeetle newly emergeDSC_2701

By the morning it had turned the classic red and had two black spots. So probably, we have Adalia punctata. We now have about 8 beetles, apparently all of the same species.

We have since found a little more information, including  this paper here. There is also information on the Coccinellidae family on Wikipedia.

The beetles don’t seem to be quite so keen on the mealy bugs, but are enthusiastic about the aphids.

Ladybeetle and aphids, on a rose bud

Ladybeetle and aphids, on a rose bud

And we now have several bright orange clusters of  lady beetle eggs. Quite a few clusters of eggs were laid, but also quite a few of those were eaten by the beetles themselves. Lady beetles are described as ‘voracious’ feeders, with some eating 1000 aphids in a life time.

chaos ladybeetle eggs DSC_2664

Cluster of lady beetle eggs

The whole life cycle was quite quick and we can recommend these as a species to try, if you would like to keep some insect pets.

Life cycle of the 2-spotted lady beetle. A, the adult beetle. B, group of eggs on under surface of a leaf. C, a young larval beetle covered with white wax. D, the full-grown larva. E, the pupa attached to a leaf by the discarded larval skin

Life cycle of the 2-spotted lady beetle. A, the adult beetle.
B, group of eggs on under surface of a leaf.
C, a young larval beetle covered with white wax.
D, the full-grown larva.
E, the pupa attached to a leaf by the discarded larval skin

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